List of National Poets and their Poems

AFRICA

Algeria
Si Mohand

Angola
Agostinho Neto

Egypt
Ahmed Shawqi

Ethiopia
Tsegaye Gabre-Medhin

Mali
Fily Dabo Sissoko

Morocco
Mohammed Awzal

Nigeria
Chinua Achebe

Senegal
Léopold Sédar Senghor

Somalia
Hadrawi

South Africa
Mazisi Kunene

Sudan
Gely Abdel Rahman

Tanzania
Shaaban bin Robert

Tunisia
Aboul-Qacem Echebbi

 



ASIA

Afghanistan
Khushal Khattak, Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi Balkhi, Hakim Sanai Ghaznavi, Mirza Abdul Qadir Bedil, Nasir Khisraw Balkhi, Nooruddin Abdul Rahman Jami, Alisher Nawai

Azerbaijan
Fuzûlî, Imadaddin Nasimi, Samad Vurgun

Bangladesh
Kazi Nazrul Islam

China
Du Fu, Li Bai, Lu Xun

Cambodia
Preah Botumthera Som, Krom Ngoy, Chuon Nath

b
Rabindranath Tagore

Indonesia
Chairil Anwar

Iran
Ferdowsi, Hafez, Saadi, Omar Khayyám, Simin Behbahani, Adib Boroumand
Iraq Maarouf Al Rasafi

Israel
Hayim Nahman Bialik

Japan
Koizumi Yakumo, Murasaki Shikibu, Matsuo Bashō

Jordan
Mustafa Wahbi al-Tal

Kazakhstan
Abai Qunanbaiuli

Korea
Kim Sowol, Ko Un

Kurdistan
Khana Qubadi

Kyrgyzstan
Toktogul Satylganov

Lebanon
Kahlil Gibran, Said Akl

Malaysia
Usman Awang

Mongolia
Dashdorjiin Natsagdorj, Byambyn Rinchen, Hadaa Sendoo

Myanmar
Min Thu Wun

Nepal
Laxmi Prasad Devkota, Motiram Bhatta

Pakistan
Allama Muhammad Iqbal

Palestine
Mahmoud Darwish

Philippines
Francisco Balagtas

Saudi Arabia
Ghazi Abdul Rahman Al Gosaibi

Sri Lanka
Ananda Samarakoon

Syria
Nizar Qabbani

Tajikistan
Rudaki, Sadriddin Ayni, Gulnazar Keldi

Thailand
Sunthorn Phu

Turkmenistan
Magtymguly Pyragy

Uzbekistan
Abdulla Oripov, Erkin Vohidov, Gʻafur Gʻulom, Mirtemir

Vietnam
Nguyễn Du, Nguyễn Đình Chiểu, Hàn Mặc Tử

Yemen
Abdullah Al-Baradouni

 



EUROPE

Albania
Gjergj Fishta, Naim Frashëri

Andorra
Albert Salvadó

Armenia
Hovhannes Tumanyan, Sayat-Nova, Yeghishe Charents

Austria
Franz Grillparzer, Peter Rosegger, Johann Nepomuk Nestroy

Belarus
Yanka Kupala, Yakub Kolas

Belgium
Emile Verhaeren, Maurice Maeterlinck

Flanders
Hendrik Conscience, Guido Gezelle, Hugo Claus

Bosnia and Herz.
Izet Sarajlić

Republika Srpska
Aleksa Šantić, Gordana Kukić

Bulgaria
Hristo Botev, Ivan Vazov

Croatia
Marko Marulić, Miroslav Krleža

Cyprus
Vasilis Michaelides

Czech Republic
Karel Hynek Mácha, Božena Němcová, Jan Neruda

Denmark
Adam Oehlenschläger

Faroe Islands
William Heinesen

United Kingdom
William Shakespeare, William Blake, William Wordsworth, Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Estonia
Lydia Koidula, Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald

Finland
Johan Ludvig Runeberg, Elias Lönnrot

France
Victor Hugo, Charles Baudelaire

Georgia
Shota Rustaveli

Germany
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Schiller

Gibraltar
Héctor Licudi

Greece
Homer, Dionysios Solomos

Guernsey
George Métivier

Hungary
Sándor Petőfi, János Arany

Iceland
Jónas Hallgrímsson, Hallgrímur Pétursson, Halldór Laxness

Ireland
Thomas Moore, William Butler Yeats

Italy
Dante Alighieri, Giosuè Carducci, Giacomo Leopardi, Ugo Foscolo, Gabriele D’Annunzio

Latvia
Rainis, Andrejs Pumpurs

Liechtenstein
Peter Kaiser

Lithuania
Kristijonas Donelaitis, Maironis

Luxembourg
Edmond de la Fontaine, Michel Rodange, Michel Lentz

Macedonia
Kočo Racin, Georgi Pulevski and Kole Nedelkovski

Malta
Dun Karm Psaila

Moldova
Mihai Eminescu, Grigore Vieru

Monaco
Louis Notari

Montenegro
Petar II Petrović-Njegoš

Netherlands
Joost van den Vondel, Jacob Cats

Friesland
Gysbert Japicx (or Japiks)

Norway
Henrik Wergeland

Poland
Adam Mickiewicz, Juliusz Słowacki, Zygmunt Krasiński, Jan Kochanowski, Cyprian Norwid

Portugal
Luís de Camões, Fernando Pessoa

Romania
Mihai Eminescu

Russia
Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin

Dagestan
Rasul Gamzatov

N.Ossetia-Alania
Kosta Khetagurov

San Marino
Pio Chiaruzzi

Scotland
Robert Burns, Hugh MacDiarmid, John Barbour, Edwin Morgan

Serbia
Petar II Petrović-Njegoš, Vladislav Petković Dis, Oskar Davičo, Desanka Maksimović (Yugoslavia, Serbia and Montenegro)

Kosovo
Din Mehmeti, Ali Podrimja

Slovakia
Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav

Slovenia
France Prešeren

Spain
Miguel de Cervantes, Lope de Vega, Federico García Lorca

Catalonia
Jacint Verdaguer, Salvador Espriu

Galicia
Rosalía de Castro

Basque Country
Xabier de Lizardi, Nicolás Ormaechea, Gabriel Aresti

Sweden
Carl Michael Bellman, Gustaf Fröding, Verner von Heidenstam, Esaias Tegnér

Switzerland
Gottfried Keller, Carl Spitteler

Turkey
Mehmet Akif Ersoy

Ukraine
Taras Shevchenko

Valencian
Vicent Andrés Estellés

Wales
Dylan Thomas, Dafydd ap Gwilym

 



NORTH AMERICA

Canada
Pauline Johnson

Quebec
Émile Nelligan, Gaston Miron, Octave Crémazie, Gilles Vigneault, Félix Leclerc

Cuba
José Martí

Dominican
Pedro Mir

Guatemala
Miguel Ángel Asturias

Haiti
Jacques Roumain

Mexico
Ramón López Velarde, Octavio Paz

Nicaragua
Rubén Darío

Panama
Ricardo Miró

Saint Lucia
Derek Walcott

United States
Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson, Robert Frost, Langston Hughes, Maya Angelou

 


OCEANIA

Australia
Henry Lawson, Adam Lindsay Gordon, Dorothea Mackellar, A. B. “Banjo” Paterson

New Zealand
James K. Baxter, Allen Curnow

 


SOUTH AMERICA

Argentina
José Hernández, Jorge Luis Borges, Leopoldo Lugones

Brazil
Gonçalves Dias, Olavo Bilac, Carlos Drummond de Andrade, Machado de Assis

Chile
Pablo Neruda, Gabriela Mistral

Colombia
Rafael Pombo, José Asunción Silva

Ecuador
José Joaquín de Olmedo, Jorge Enrique Adoum

Peru
César Vallejo

Uruguay
Juan Zorrilla de San Martín

Venezuela
Rómulo Gallegos, Andrés Eloy Blanco

 

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