Fakhruddin Ibrahim Iraqi – فخرالدین ابراهیم عراقی
Fakhruddin Ibrahim ‘Iraqi (sometimes written Araqi or Eraqi) was a fascinating figure who bridged several Sufi traditions and traveled through much of the Muslim world.
While still a young boy, he gained local fame for having memorized the entire Quran and reciting it aloud. He went on to acquire an impressive education in his teens.
This properly devout young man surprised everyone when he joined a group of traveling Kalandar dervishes. Kalandar Sufis had a bohemian, some would even say heretical, lifestyle and expression of the Muslim faith.
The young Iraqi eventually ended up in Multan in what is modern day Pakistan. There he received formal initiation into the Sufi way under Shaykh Baha’uddin, the head of the Suhrawardiyya Sufi Order, one of the most influential Sufi groups in the Indian subcontinent. Iraqi lived in Multan for 25 years, composing poetry. As the shaykh was dying, he supposedly named Iraqi to be his successor. But some in the order became jealous and denounced him to the local sultan who sought to have Iraqi arrested.
Iraqi fled the area with a few close companions, and they made their way to Mecca and Medina. Later they moved north to Konya in Turkey. This was Konya at the time of Rumi. Iraqi often listened to Rumi teach and recite poetry, and later attended Rumi’s funeral.
Although Iraqi was nominally the head (in exile) of a large and respected Sufi order, he humbly became the disciple of another Sufi master — Sadruddin Qunawi, who also lived in Konya at the time. Qunawi was the son-in-law of the recently deceased Sufi philosopher Ibn ‘Arabi. Although less known in the West today, Qunawi was perhaps the preeminent Sufi teacher in Konya at the time, even better known than his neighbor Rumi.
Iraqi was deeply devoted to Qunawi and to the teachings of Ibn ‘Arabi. It was a series of speeches Qunawi delivered on the esoteric meaning of Ibn ‘Arabi’s great works that inspired Iraqi to compose his own masterpiece of commentary and poetry named the Lama’at or Divine Flashes.
When Fakhruddin Iraqi died he was buried near Ibn ‘Arabi’s tomb.
زندگینامه فخرالدین عراقی
شیخ فخرالّدین ابراهیم بن بزرگمهر بن عبدالغفار همدانی، معروف به فخرالّدین عراقی ۶۱۰ ه.ق در کمیجان اراک بدنیا آمد و در هشتم ذیقعدة سال ۶۸۸ ه. ق در شهر دمشق درگذشت.
عراقي يکي از بزرگترين شاعران و عارفان زمان خویش بود. وی در نثر فارسي کتاب بسيار معروفي به نام “لمعات”در تصوف تأليف کرده است که در نهايت شور و زیبا نوشته شده است و انشاي عاشقانه بسيار لطيفي دارد.
فخرالدین عراقی پس از تکمیل آموزش قرآن برای ادامة تحصیل از کمیجان به همدان رفت و در آنجا تحصیل کرد.وی در کودکی قرآن را از بر نمود و میتوانست آن را به آواز شیرین و درست قرائت کند. وقتی که هفده ساله بود به هندوستان رفت و به شاگردی شیخ بهاء الدین زکریا درآمد و بعد از مدتی با دختر او ازدواج کرد.
بعد از مرگ شیخ بهاءالدین در حالیکه، عراقی را جانشین خود کرده بود عراقی عزم مکه و مدینه کرد، و پس از حج در قونیه، به خدمت صدرالدين قونيوي رسید. وی پس از سالها اقامت در روم جانب شام رفت و در هشتم ذیقعدة سال ۶۸۸ ه. ق در شهر دمشق چشم از جهان فروبست.