The Enclosed Garden Of Truth

On Being Glad In God Most High, And Humbling Oneself Before Him By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Being Glad In God Most High, And Humbling Oneself Before Him By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON BEING GLAD IN GOD MOST HIGH, AND HUMBLING ONESELF BEFORE HIM O Life of all the contented, who grantest the desires of the desirous: the acts in me that are right, Thou makest so,–Thou, kinder to me than I am to myself. No bounds are set to Thy mercy, no interruption appears in Thy bounty. W... »

On The Greatness Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Greatness Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE GREATNESS OF THE QUR’ÂN ON THE GREATNESS OF THE QUR’ÂN,–VERILY IT CONSISTS NOT IN ITS DIVISION INTO ‘TENS’ AND ‘FIVES.’ To attract a handful of boys thou hast made its honour to consist in the ‘tens,’ and ‘fives’; thou hast abr... »

Abbreviations

Abbreviations

ABBREVIATIONS L (in the notes) refers to the commentary of ‘Abdu’l-Latîf. * (in the notes) refers to the commentary of ‘Alâu’d-Dîn. Gibb = A History of Ottoman Poetry, vol. I, by E. J. W. Gibb. London. Luzac & Co., 1900. Sale = Sale’s Translation of the Qur’â... »

Concerning His Beneficence, And Verily He Is The Provider Of Provisions By Sanai Ghaznavi

Concerning His Beneficence, And Verily He Is The Provider Of Provisions By Sanai Ghaznavi

CONCERNING HIS BENEFICENCE, AND VERILY HE IS THE PROVIDER OF PROVISIONS When He lays the table of its food before the creature, He provides a fare more ample than the eater’s needs; life and days and daily food come to all from Him; happiness and fortune are from Him. He supplies the daily bre... »

On Following The Path Of The Hereafter By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Following The Path Of The Hereafter By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON FOLLOWING THE PATH OF THE HEREAFTER All this knowledge is but a trifling matter; the knowledge of the journey on God’s road is otherwise, and belongs to the man of acuter vision. What, for the man of wisdom and true religion, whose bread and speech are alike of wheat, distinguishes that pat... »

On The Participation Of The Heart In Prayer By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Participation Of The Heart In Prayer By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE PARTICIPATION OF THE HEART IN PRAYER At the battle of Uhud `Alî the Prince, the impetuous Lion, received a grievous wound. The head of the arrow remained in his foot, and he knew that it was necessary to take it out, this being the only cure for him. As soon as the surgeon saw it, he said, &#... »

Of His Mercy By Sanai Ghaznavi

Of His Mercy By Sanai Ghaznavi

OF HIS MERCY Malice and rancour are far removed from His attributes: for hate belongs to him who is under command. It is not permissible to speak of anger in respect of God, for God has no quality of anger; anger and hatred are both due to constraint by superior force, and both qualities are far dis... »

On Renunciation And Strenuous Endeavour By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Renunciation And Strenuous Endeavour By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON RENUNCIATION AND STRENUOUS ENDEAVOUR Whoso desires to be lord of his isolation and whoso seeks to guard his seclusion, must take no ease within, nor adorn himself without; that praise which is bestowed on outward seeming imports the abandonment of true praise and adornment. The beggar asks bread ... »

The Parable Of The Schoolboys By Sanai Ghaznavi

The Parable Of The Schoolboys By Sanai Ghaznavi

THE PARABLE OF THE SCHOOLBOYS Thou knowest not the difference between the hidden world and this,–canst not distinguish between welfare and affliction. In truth, thou art not a man travelling on this Path; thou art a child of the Path, knowest not the Path; thou art but a boy,–go about th... »

On Celebrating The Praise Of God By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Celebrating The Praise Of God By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON CELEBRATING THE PRAISE OF GOD To call on the name of friends, and the unhappy ones of this world, how thinkest thou of it? It is like calling on old women. Oppression, if He ordain it, is all justice; a life without thought of Him is all wind. He laughs who is brought to tears through Him; but th... »

On The Glory Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Glory Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE GLORY OF THE QUR’ÂN Glorious it is, though concealing its glory: and a guide, though under the veil of coquetry. Its discourse is bright and strong; its argument clear and apt; its words are a casket for the pearl of life, its precepts a tower over the water-wheel of the faith; to the K... »

Introduction

Introduction

INTRODUCTION I.–LIFE OF THE AUTHOR. Abû’l-Majd Majdûd b. Adam Sanâ’î 1 was born at Ghazna, and lived in the reign of Bahrâmshâh (A.H. 512-548, A.D. 1118-1152). Ouseley says of him that he “while yet young became one of the most learned, devout, and excellent men of the age wh... »

He Who Is Indifferent To The World Finds A Kingdom That Shall Not Wane By Sanai Ghaznavi

He Who Is Indifferent To The World Finds A Kingdom That Shall Not Wane By Sanai Ghaznavi

HE WHO IS INDIFFERENT TO THE WORLD FINDS A KINGDOM THAT SHALL NOT WANE HE WHO IS INDIFFERENT TO THE WORLD FINDS A KINGDOM THAT SHALL NOT WANE. (Qur. 20:118) There was an old ascetic in Basrâ, none in that age so devout as he. He said, I rise every morning determined to fly from this vile Self. My Se... »

On Giving Thanks By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Giving Thanks By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON GIVING THANKS Ingratitude’s only seat is the door of sorrow; thankfulness arrives with certainty at the treasure. (Qur. 14:7) Utter thy thanks for the sake of increase, of the hidden world, and of the sight of God; then when thou hast become patient of His decree He will name thee ‘gi... »

On The Steps Of Ascent By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Steps Of Ascent By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE STEPS OF ASCENT Make not thy soul’s nest in hell, nor thy mind’s lodging in deception; wander not in the neighbourhood of foolishness and absurdities, nor by the door of the house of vain imagining. Abandon vain conceits, that thou mayest find admission to that court; for that man... »

Of The Guidance Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

Of The Guidance Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

OF THE GUIDANCE OF THE QUR’ÂN It is the guide, and the lovers the travellers; it is a rope, and the heedless sit in the pit. Thy soul has its home at the pit’s bottom; the Qur’ân’s light is a rope let down to it; rise and seize the rope, so thou mayest haply find salvation; e... »

On Self-Abasement And Humility By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Self-Abasement And Humility By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON SELF-ABASEMENT AND HUMILITY Lowliness befits thee, violence suits thee not; a, naked man frantic in a bee-house is out of place. Leave aside thy strength, betake thyself to lowliness, that so thou mayest trample the heights of heaven beneath thy feet; for God knows that, rightly seen, thy strengt... »

The Parable Of Those Who Give Alms By Sanai Ghaznavi

The Parable Of Those Who Give Alms By Sanai Ghaznavi

THE PARABLE OF THOSE WHO GIVE ALMS A certain wise and liberal man gave away so many bags of gold before his son’s eyes that when he saw his father’s munificence he broke forth into censure and remonstrance, saying, Father, where is my share of this? He said, O son, in the treasury of God... »

On Being Silent By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Being Silent By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON BEING SILENT The path of religion is neither in works nor words; there are no buildings thereon, but only desolation. Whoso becomes silent to pursue the path, his speech is life and sweetness; if he speaks, it will not be out of ignorance, and if he is silent, it will not be from sloth; when sile... »

On The Hearing Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Hearing Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE HEARING OF THE QUR’ÂN When the pious reader has set the book with reverence upon his lap, and has recited ‘Let no one touch it’ (Qur. 56:78) over both his hands, for a single copper he gives forth a lusty cry, like a turtledove for a grain of corn. Hear God’s word from... »

Concerning The Pious Disciple And The Great Master By Sanai Ghaznavi

Concerning The Pious Disciple And The Great Master By Sanai Ghaznavi

CONCERNING THE PIOUS DISCIPLE AND THE GREAT MASTER Thaurî, by way of obsequiousness and in anxiety to acquire a good reputation, asked an excellent question of Bâyazîd Bistâmi; weeping, he said, “O Master, tell me, who is unjust?” His master, giving him a draught out of the law, answered... »

On His Decree And Ordinance And His Creative Power By Sanai Ghaznavi

On His Decree And Ordinance And His Creative Power By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON HIS DECREE AND ORDINANCE AND HIS CREATIVE POWER All that comes forth in the world is by decree, and what the prophet speaks is also by decree; infidelity and faith, good and evil, old and new,–all is referable to Him; whatso exists, is under the command of the Almighty; all things work in a... »

On The Sweetness Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Sweetness Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE SWEETNESS OF THE QUR’ÂN How shalt thou taste the flavour and delight of the Qur’ân, since thou chantest it without comprehension? Come forth through the door of the body into the landscape of the soul; come and view the garden of the Qur’ân, that all things may appear before... »

Of The Multitude; They Are Like Cattle, Nay; They Are More Erring By Sanai Ghaznavi

Of The Multitude; They Are Like Cattle, Nay; They Are More Erring By Sanai Ghaznavi

OF THE MULTITUDE; THEY ARE LIKE CATTLE, NAY; THEY ARE MORE ERRING On the colt that is full three years old the breaker puts the saddle and bridle; he gives him a training in manners, and takes his restiveness out of him; he makes him obedient to the rein,–what is called a hand horse. Then he i... »

On The Above Allegory By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Above Allegory By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE ABOVE ALLEGORY One talks of ‘the foot’, the other of ‘the hand’, pushing beyond all limits their foolish words; that other speaks of ‘fingers’ and ‘change of place’ and ‘descending’, and of His coming as an incarnation. Another consi... »

The Parable Of Those Who Heed Not By Sanai Ghaznavi

The Parable Of Those Who Heed Not By Sanai Ghaznavi

THE PARABLE OF THOSE WHO HEED NOT A fool saw a camel grazing, and said, Why is thy form all crooked? Said the camel, In disputing thus thou censurest the sculptor; beware! Look not on my crookedness in disparagement, and kindly take the straight road away from me. My form is thus because it is best ... »

On Charity And Gifts By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Charity And Gifts By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON CHARITY AND GIFTS Whatsoever thou hast, relinquish it for the sake of God; for charity is the greater marvel when it comes from beggars. Bestow thy life and soul, for the endeavour of the poor is the best gift of mortal clay; the prince and chief of the family of the cloak was honoured by the Sûr... »

On The Incompatibility Of The Two Abodes By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Incompatibility Of The Two Abodes By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE INCOMPATIBILITY OF THE TWO ABODES The sun and earth produce the day and night; when thou hast passed beyond, neither the one nor the other will exist for thee. O thou in whose imagination desire and desirer are two, know that the duality belongs to thy understanding, and belongs not to the Un... »

Creation Of Adam And Of Jesus Son Of Mary By Sanai Ghaznavi

Creation Of Adam And Of Jesus Son Of Mary By Sanai Ghaznavi

CREATION OF ADAM AND OF JESUS SON OF MARY THE COMPARISON OF THE CREATION OF ADAM AND OF JESUS SON OF MARY (ON BOTH OF WHOM BE PEACE!). Adam’s father in this world was the same breath which begot the son of Mary; that which became his body was of the nature of humanity, and that which became hi... »

On His Kindness And Bounty By Sanai Ghaznavi

On His Kindness And Bounty By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON HIS KINDNESS AND BOUNTY O Lord, the Enduring, the Holy, whose kingdom is not of touch or sense; by Thee we conquer, without Thee we fail; in Thee we are content, apart from Thee unsatisfied. Though none amongst us is of any avail, is not Thy kindness a sufficient messenger of promise? Thou hast g... »

On The Surrender Of The Self By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Surrender Of The Self By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE SURRENDER OF THE SELF Dost thou desire thy collar of lace to be washed, then first give thy coat to the fuller. Strip off thy coat, for on the road to the King’s gate there are many to tear it. At the first step that Adam took, the wolf of affliction tore his coat: when Cain became athi... »

Of The Recital Of The Secret Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

Of The Recital Of The Secret Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

OF THE RECITAL OF THE SECRET OF THE QUR’ÂN Tongue cannot tell the secret of the Qur’ân, for His intimates keep it concealed; the Qur’ân indeed knows its own secret,–hear it from itself, for itself knows it. Except by the soul’s eye none knows the mea, surer of words fro... »

On The Allegations Brought Forward By The Word Of God By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Allegations Brought Forward By The Word Of God By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE ALLEGATIONS BROUGHT FORWARD BY THE WORD OF GOD Wait till the Qur’ân shall make complaint of thee before God on the judgment day, and shall say, How much falsehood has this deceitful one, whom Thou trustedst, I drawn forth from Thy truth!–shall say, O God, thou knowest both the man... »

To Commemorate The Prophets Is Better Than Speaking Of Fools By Sanai Ghaznavi

To Commemorate The Prophets Is Better Than Speaking Of Fools By Sanai Ghaznavi

TO COMMEMORATE THE PROPHETS IS BETTER THAN SPEAKING OF FOOLS The prophets were the upright ones of the faith, who showed to the people the path of rectitude; the self-opinionated were bewildered when they disappeared in the sunset of annihilation. The darkness of the night of polytheism drew close i... »

On Devotion To God By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Devotion To God By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON DEVOTION TO GOD Say “Grind sleep under the foot of the horsemen of thy thought:” for this is of Thy Court. When Thou strikest off the head of him in whom Self no long dwells, he rejoices in Thee, like a candle. If I have Thee, what care I for intellect, and honour, and gold? Thou art ... »

On The Interpretation Of The Dream By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Interpretation Of The Dream By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE INTERPRETATION OF THE DREAM In the phantoms of sleep He has ordained for men of understanding both fear and hope. When a man has laid down his head in sleep, his tent-ropes are severed. As long as men are in the world of causes, they are all in a boat, and all asleep; waiting for what their s... »

Concerning The House Of Deception By Sanai Ghaznavi

Concerning The House Of Deception By Sanai Ghaznavi

CONCERNING THE HOUSE OF DECEPTION Death comes as the key of the house of the Secret; without death the door of true religion opens not. While this world stays, that is not; while thou existest, God is not thine. Know, thy soul is a sealed casket; the love-pearl within is the light of thy faith. The ... »

On His Wrath And His Kindness By Sanai Ghaznavi

On His Wrath And His Kindness By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON HIS WRATH AND HIS KINDNESS The pious are those who give thanks for His kindness and mercy, the unbelievers those who complain of His wrath and jealousy. When God becomes angry, thou seest in the eyes what is rightly in the spring. His wrath and His kindness, appearing in the newly-formed world, a... »

On The Trust In God Shown By Old Women By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Trust In God Shown By Old Women By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE TRUST IN GOD SHOWN BY OLD WOMEN When Hâtim set out for the sanctuary,–he whom thou callest Asamm,–when he set out for the Hijâz and the Sacred House, making towards the tomb of the Prophet (on whom be peace!), there remained behind a colt of his household, with no supplies whateve... »

Of The Right Guidance By Sanai Ghaznavi

Of The Right Guidance By Sanai Ghaznavi

OF THE RIGHT GUIDANCE Every indication of the road thou receivest, O darwîsh, count it a gift of God, not thine own doing; He is the cause of the bestowal of benefits, He it is to whom the soul is guided, and He its guide. Recognise that it is God’s favour guides thee on the path of duty and r... »

On The Asceticism Of The Ascetic By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Asceticism Of The Ascetic By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE ASCETICISM OF THE ASCETIC An ascetic fled from amongst his people, and went to the top of a mountain, where he built a cell. One day by chance a sage, a learned man, wise and able, passed by and saw the ascetic, so holy and devout. Said he, Poor wretch! why hast thou made thy dwelling and hab... »

To Remember The Words Of The All-Knowing Lord By Sanai Ghaznavi

To Remember The Words Of The All-Knowing Lord By Sanai Ghaznavi

TO REMEMBER THE WORDS OF THE ALL-KNOWING LORD RENDERS EASY THE ACCOMPLISHMENT OF THE AIM. GOD MOST HIGH HAS SAID, SAY, IF MEN AND JINNS CONSPIRED TO BRING THE LIKE OF THIS QUR’ÂN, THEY COULD NOT BRING ITS LIKE, NOT THOUGH THEY HELPED EACH OTHER. (Qur. 17:90) AND SAID THE PROPHET (ON WHOM BE ME... »

On Dreams Of Handicraftsmen By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Dreams Of Handicraftsmen By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON DREAMS OF HANDICRAFTSMEN A cook means great riches, just as a butcher means that one’s affairs are. ruined. A physician is pain and sickness, especially to one who is wretched and needy. The tailor is the man in virtue of whom troubles and affliction are all changed to good-fortune. A bootm... »

On The Earnest Striving By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Earnest Striving By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE EARNEST STRIVING When thou hast passed from Self to being naught, gird up the loins of thy soul and set forth on the road, when thou standest up with loins girt thou hast placed a crown on thy soul’s head. Set then the crown of the advance on the head of thy soul; let the foot that woul... »

In Praise Of His Omnipotence By Sanai Ghaznavi

In Praise Of His Omnipotence By Sanai Ghaznavi

IN PRAISE OF HIS OMNIPOTENCE He is the Pourtrayer of the outward forms of our earthly bodies; He is the Discerner of the images of our inmost hearts. He is the Creator of existent and non-existent, the Maker of the hand and what it holds. He made a wheel of pure emerald, and on the wheel he bound si... »

On God As First Cause By Sanai Ghaznavi

On God As First Cause By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON GOD AS FIRST CAUSE The course of time is not the mould whence issues His eternal duration, nor temperament the cause of His beneficence; without His word, time and temperament exist not, as apart from His favour the soul enters not the body. This and that both are wanting and worthless; that and ... »

On The Protection And Guardianship Of God By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Protection And Guardianship Of God By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE PROTECTION AND GUARDIANSHIP OF GOD Whoso is fenced around by divine aid, a spider spreads its web before him; a lizard utters his praise, a serpent seeks to please him. His shoe treads the summit of the throne; his ruby lip is the world’s fitting ornament; in his mouth poison becomes su... »

Of The Story Of Qais Ibn `âsim By Sanai Ghaznavi

Of The Story Of Qais Ibn `âsim By Sanai Ghaznavi

OF THE STORY OF QAIS IBN `ÂSIM When the command of ‘Who is there that will lend’ (Qur. 2:246) came down from God to the Prophet, everyone brought before the Prince what he could lay hands on, not disobeying,–gems and gold, cattle and slaves and goods, whatever they possessed at the... »

On Striving In God’s Path By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Striving In God’s Path By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON STRIVING IN GOD’S PATH If thou wouldst possess the pearl, O man, leave the barren waste and wander by the sea; and if thou obtainest not from the sea its pellucid pearl, at least thou shalt find that thou hast not failed to reach the water. Strive in God’s path, O soldier; if thou has... »

The Recital Of Proverbs Is The Best Of Discourses By Sanai Ghaznavi

The Recital Of Proverbs Is The Best Of Discourses By Sanai Ghaznavi

THE RECITAL OF PROVERBS IS THE BEST OF DISCOURSES ON THE PROVERBS AND ADMONITIONS ‘POVERTY IS BLACKNESS OF THE FACE’ (THE RECITAL OF PROVERBS IS THE BEST OF DISCOURSES) AND ‘THE WORLD IS A HOUSE OF DEPARTURE AND CHANGING AFFAIRS AND MIGRATION.’ Keep thy blackness, thou canst ... »

On Dreams Of Lights And Stars By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Dreams Of Lights And Stars By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON DREAMS OF LIGHTS AND STARS To see the sun in a dream is said in every case to mean a king. The moon is as a counsellor; another has said, No, it is a woman. The globe of Mars or Saturn in a dream brings trial and grief and torment; Mercury represents a writer; Jupiter comes as a treasurer and min... »

On The Kalima By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Kalima By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE KALIMA As the inhabited world is computed at twenty-four thousand leagues, so, if thou add the hours of night to those of day, there are twenty-four of those torturers of mankind also. Exchange them, if thou art dexterous and versed in transformations, for the twenty-four letters; the qâf of ... »

In His Magnification By Sanai Ghaznavi

In His Magnification By Sanai Ghaznavi

IN HIS MAGNIFICATION When He shows His Nature to His creation, into what mirror shall He enter? The burden of proclaiming the Unity not everyone bears; the desire of proclaiming the Unity not everyone tastes. In every dwelling is God adored; but the Adored cannot be circumscribed by any dwelling. Th... »

On His, Omniscience, And His Knowledge Of The Minds Of Men By Sanai Ghaznavi

On His, Omniscience, And His Knowledge Of The Minds Of Men By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON HIS, OMNISCIENCE, AND HIS KNOWLEDGE OF THE MINDS OF MEN He knows the draught of each of His creatures; He has given it, and He can give its opposite. He is the Creator of thy wisdom; but His wisdom is untainted by the passage of thought. He knows concerning thee what is in thy heart, for He is th... »

On Trust In God By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Trust In God By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON TRUST IN GOD Set not thy foot in His court with hypocrisy. The men of the Path walk in trust; if thou hast a constant trust in Him, why not also in His feeding thee? Bring then thy belongings to the street of trust in God; then fortune will come out to meet thee. Listen to a story concerning trus... »

Of The Traveller On The Path By Sanai Ghaznavi

Of The Traveller On The Path By Sanai Ghaznavi

OF THE TRAVELLER ON THE PATH A man should be like Abraham, that, through God, his shadow may become a shady place; in fear of him and by his teaching the universe dares to breathe; Pharaoh is destroyed by the mighty aid of a Moses whom God assists. To the wayfarer towards God on the path of love His... »

On The Assertion Of The Unity By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Assertion Of The Unity By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE ASSERTION OF THE UNITY He is One, and number has no place in Him; He is Absolute, and dependence is far removed from Him; not that One which reason and understanding can know, not that Absolute which sense and imagination can recognise. He is not multitude, nor paucity; one multiplied by one ... »

A Story – I By Sanai Ghaznavi

A Story – I By Sanai Ghaznavi

A STORY – I An old man put forth his head, and seeing his field dried up I spoke thus:–“O Lord of both new and old, our food is in Thy hands, do what thou wilt. The sustenance Thou givest to fair and foul depends not on tears of cloud nor smiles of field; I well know Thou art the U... »

On Dreams Of Vessels And Garments By Sanai Ghaznavi

On Dreams Of Vessels And Garments By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON DREAMS OF VESSELS AND GARMENTS An old garment is grief and sorrow; a new garment is great wealth; best of all is a garment that is closely woven, so my master told me. For women, a garment of many colours is a cause of joy and happiness and honour. A red garment brings gladness and the unrestrict... »

On The Justice Of The Prince And The Security Of His Subjects By Sanai Ghaznavi

On The Justice Of The Prince And The Security Of His Subjects By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE JUSTICE OF THE PRINCE AND THE SECURITY OF HIS SUBJECTS `Umar one day saw a group of boys on a certain road all engaged in play and everyone boasting of himself; everyone was in haste to wrestle, having duly bared his head in Arab fashion. When `Umar looked towards the boys, fear of him tore t... »

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