Introduction

INTRODUCTION I.–LIFE OF THE AUTHOR. Abû’l-Majd Majdûd b. Adam Sanâ’î 1 was born at Ghazna, and lived in the reign of Bahrâmshâh (A.H. 512-548, A.D….

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Abbreviations

ABBREVIATIONS L (in the notes) refers to the commentary of ‘Abdu’l-Latîf. * (in the notes) refers to the commentary of ‘Alâu’d-Dîn. Gibb = A History…

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Again The Parable Of Those Who Heed Not By Sanai Ghaznavi

AGAIN THE PARABLE OF THOSE WHO HEED NOT Dost thou not see how the nurse in the earliest days of its childhood sometimes ties the…

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A Story – Iii By Sanai Ghaznavi

A STORY – III The saint Shiblî said in private converse, after a period of inward communion with God, If, for that I am not…

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A Story – Ii By Sanai Ghaznavi

A STORY – II Hast thou not heard how in a rainless time some birds received their food from a Magian’s door? Many Muslims spoke…

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A Story – I By Sanai Ghaznavi

A STORY – I An old man put forth his head, and seeing his field dried up I spoke thus:–“O Lord of both new and…

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The Recital Of Proverbs Is The Best Of Discourses By Sanai Ghaznavi

THE RECITAL OF PROVERBS IS THE BEST OF DISCOURSES ON THE PROVERBS AND ADMONITIONS ‘POVERTY IS BLACKNESS OF THE FACE’ (THE RECITAL OF PROVERBS IS…

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To Remember The Words Of The All-Knowing Lord By Sanai Ghaznavi

TO REMEMBER THE WORDS OF THE ALL-KNOWING LORD RENDERS EASY THE ACCOMPLISHMENT OF THE AIM. GOD MOST HIGH HAS SAID, SAY, IF MEN AND JINNS…

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To Commemorate The Prophets Is Better Than Speaking Of Fools By Sanai Ghaznavi

TO COMMEMORATE THE PROPHETS IS BETTER THAN SPEAKING OF FOOLS The prophets were the upright ones of the faith, who showed to the people the…

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The Parable Of Those Who Heed Not By Sanai Ghaznavi

THE PARABLE OF THOSE WHO HEED NOT A fool saw a camel grazing, and said, Why is thy form all crooked? Said the camel, In…

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The Parable Of Those Who Give Alms By Sanai Ghaznavi

THE PARABLE OF THOSE WHO GIVE ALMS A certain wise and liberal man gave away so many bags of gold before his son’s eyes that…

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The Parable Of The Schoolboys By Sanai Ghaznavi

THE PARABLE OF THE SCHOOLBOYS Thou knowest not the difference between the hidden world and this,–canst not distinguish between welfare and affliction. In truth, thou…

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The Parable Of The Eye Of The Squint-Eyed By Sanai Ghaznavi

THE PARABLE OF THE EYE OF THE SQUINT-EYED A squint-eyed son asked his father, O thou whose words are as a key to the things…

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The First Book Of The Hadîqatu’-L-Haqîqat Of Sanâ’î By Sanai Ghaznavi

The First Book of the Hadîqatu’-l-Haqîqat of Sanâ’î IN THE NAME OF GOD, THE MERCIFUL, THE COMPASSIONATE. O Thou who nurturest the mind, who adornest…

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The Enclosed Garden Of The Truth By Sanai Ghaznavi

THE ENCLOSED GARDEN OF THE TRUTH THE FIRST BOOK OF THE HADÎQATU’ L-HAQÎQAT OR THE ENCLOSED GARDEN OF THE TRUTH OF THE HAKÎM ABÛ’ L-MAJD…

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On Turning To God By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON TURNING TO GOD O Creator of the world, who preservest the soul in beauty; O Thou who guidest the understanding to the path of…

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On Trust In God By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON TRUST IN GOD Set not thy foot in His court with hypocrisy. The men of the Path walk in trust; if thou hast a…

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On The Protection And Guardianship Of God By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE PROTECTION AND GUARDIANSHIP OF GOD Whoso is fenced around by divine aid, a spider spreads its web before him; a lizard utters his…

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On The Trust In God Shown By Old Women By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE TRUST IN GOD SHOWN BY OLD WOMEN When Hâtim set out for the sanctuary,–he whom thou callest Asamm,–when he set out for the…

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On The Surrender Of The Self By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE SURRENDER OF THE SELF Dost thou desire thy collar of lace to be washed, then first give thy coat to the fuller. Strip…

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On The Sweetness Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE SWEETNESS OF THE QUR’ÂN How shalt thou taste the flavour and delight of the Qur’ân, since thou chantest it without comprehension? Come forth…

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On The Steps Of Ascent By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE STEPS OF ASCENT Make not thy soul’s nest in hell, nor thy mind’s lodging in deception; wander not in the neighbourhood of foolishness…

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On The Participation Of The Heart In Prayer By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE PARTICIPATION OF THE HEART IN PRAYER At the battle of Uhud `Alî the Prince, the impetuous Lion, received a grievous wound. The head…

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On The Need Of God, And Independence Of All Beside Him By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE NEED OF GOD, AND INDEPENDENCE OF ALL BESIDE HIM He is wholly independent of me and thee in his plans; what matters infidelity…

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On The Knowledge Of God By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE KNOWLEDGE OF GOD Of himself no one can know Him; His nature can only be known through Himself. Reason sought His truth,–it ran…

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On The Love Of The World And The Manner Of The People Of It By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE LOVE OF THE WORLD AND THE MANNER OF THE PEOPLE OF IT There is a great city within the borders of Rûm, where…

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On The Justice Of The Prince And The Security Of His Subjects By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE JUSTICE OF THE PRINCE AND THE SECURITY OF HIS SUBJECTS `Umar one day saw a group of boys on a certain road all…

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On The Kalima By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE KALIMA As the inhabited world is computed at twenty-four thousand leagues, so, if thou add the hours of night to those of day,…

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On The Earnest Striving By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE EARNEST STRIVING When thou hast passed from Self to being naught, gird up the loins of thy soul and set forth on the…

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On The Interpretation Of The Dream By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE INTERPRETATION OF THE DREAM In the phantoms of sleep He has ordained for men of understanding both fear and hope. When a man…

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On The Incompatibility Of The Two Abodes By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE INCOMPATIBILITY OF THE TWO ABODES The sun and earth produce the day and night; when thou hast passed beyond, neither the one nor…

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On The Hearing Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE HEARING OF THE QUR’ÂN When the pious reader has set the book with reverence upon his lap, and has recited ‘Let no one…

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On The Glory Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE GLORY OF THE QUR’ÂN Glorious it is, though concealing its glory: and a guide, though under the veil of coquetry. Its discourse is…

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On The Greatness Of The Qur’ân By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE GREATNESS OF THE QUR’ÂN ON THE GREATNESS OF THE QUR’ÂN,–VERILY IT CONSISTS NOT IN ITS DIVISION INTO ‘TENS’ AND ‘FIVES.’ To attract a…

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On The Cause Of Our Maintenance By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE CAUSE OF OUR MAINTENANCE Seest thou not that before the beginning of thy existence God the All-wise, the Ineffable, when He had created…

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On The Desire For God By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE DESIRE FOR GOD Thereafter the desire for God, existing in his heart and soul and reason and discernment, becomes his horse; when this…

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On The Blind Men And The Affair Of The Elephant By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE BLIND MEN AND THE AFFAIR OF THE ELEPHANT There was a great city in the country of Ghûr, in which all the people…

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On The Assertion Of The Unity By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE ASSERTION OF THE UNITY He is One, and number has no place in Him; He is Absolute, and dependence is far removed from…

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On Striving In God’s Path By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON STRIVING IN GOD’S PATH If thou wouldst possess the pearl, O man, leave the barren waste and wander by the sea; and if thou…

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On The Asceticism Of The Ascetic By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE ASCETICISM OF THE ASCETIC An ascetic fled from amongst his people, and went to the top of a mountain, where he built a…

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On The Allegations Brought Forward By The Word Of God By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE ALLEGATIONS BROUGHT FORWARD BY THE WORD OF GOD Wait till the Qur’ân shall make complaint of thee before God on the judgment day,…

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On The Above Allegory By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON THE ABOVE ALLEGORY One talks of ‘the foot’, the other of ‘the hand’, pushing beyond all limits their foolish words; that other speaks of…

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On Self-Abasement And Humility By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON SELF-ABASEMENT AND HUMILITY Lowliness befits thee, violence suits thee not; a, naked man frantic in a bee-house is out of place. Leave aside thy…

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On Renunciation And Strenuous Endeavour By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON RENUNCIATION AND STRENUOUS ENDEAVOUR Whoso desires to be lord of his isolation and whoso seeks to guard his seclusion, must take no ease within,…

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On Purity Of Heart By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON PURITY OF HEART Then, since the object of desire exists not in anyplace, how canst thou purpose to journey towards Him on foot? The…

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On Poverty And Perplexity By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON POVERTY AND PERPLEXITY He hears the heart’s low voice of supplication. He knows when the heart’s secret rises up to Him; when supplication opens…

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On Laud And Praise By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON LAUD AND PRAISE In every mouth the tongue that utters speech becomes fragrant as musk in praising Thee. In Thy decree and will, as…

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On Intimate Friendship And Attachment By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON INTIMATE FRIENDSHIP AND ATTACHMENT There is no injury in the world for thee like thy prosperity; there is no such enduring imprisonment as thy…

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On His, Omniscience, And His Knowledge Of The Minds Of Men By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON HIS, OMNISCIENCE, AND HIS KNOWLEDGE OF THE MINDS OF MEN He knows the draught of each of His creatures; He has given it, and…

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On God As First Cause By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON GOD AS FIRST CAUSE The course of time is not the mould whence issues His eternal duration, nor temperament the cause of His beneficence;…

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On His Wrath And His Kindness By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON HIS WRATH AND HIS KINDNESS The pious are those who give thanks for His kindness and mercy, the unbelievers those who complain of His…

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On His Kindness And Bounty By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON HIS KINDNESS AND BOUNTY O Lord, the Enduring, the Holy, whose kingdom is not of touch or sense; by Thee we conquer, without Thee…

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On His Decree And Ordinance And His Creative Power By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON HIS DECREE AND ORDINANCE AND HIS CREATIVE POWER All that comes forth in the world is by decree, and what the prophet speaks is…

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On Giving Thanks By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON GIVING THANKS Ingratitude’s only seat is the door of sorrow; thankfulness arrives with certainty at the treasure. (Qur. 14:7) Utter thy thanks for the…

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On Following The Path Of The Hereafter By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON FOLLOWING THE PATH OF THE HEREAFTER All this knowledge is but a trifling matter; the knowledge of the journey on God’s road is otherwise,…

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On Failure To Pray Aright By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON FAILURE TO PRAY ARIGHT Bû Shu`aib al-Ubayy was a leader in religion whom everyone used to praise; one who rose in the night and…

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On Dreams Of Wild Animals By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON DREAMS OF WILD ANIMALS A lion is a powerful and haughty adversary whose actions show no regard for humanity. An elephant is a king,–but…

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On Dreams Of Beasts By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON DREAMS OF BEASTS An ass is a servant, but a lazy one, who refuses to work. A horse, O thou of unparalleled wisdom! is…

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On Dreams Of Vessels And Garments By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON DREAMS OF VESSELS AND GARMENTS An old garment is grief and sorrow; a new garment is great wealth; best of all is a garment…

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On Dreams Of Lights And Stars By Sanai Ghaznavi

ON DREAMS OF LIGHTS AND STARS To see the sun in a dream is said in every case to mean a king. The moon is…

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