ﺩﺭﺧﺖ ﺑﯽ ﻣﺮﮔﯽ – حکایت های شرین کهن

ﺣﮑﺎﯾﺖ ﺁﻣﻮﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﺩﺭﺧﺖ ﺑﯽ ﻣﺮﮔﯽ
ﺩﺍﻧﺎﯾﯽ ﺑﻪ ﺭﻣﺰ ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻧﯽ ﻣﯽ‌ﮔﻔﺖ: ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺧﺘﯽ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺲ ﺍﺯ ﻣﯿﻮﻩ‌ﺍﺵ ﺑﺨﻮﺭﺩ ﭘﯿﺮ ﻧﻤﯽ ﺷﻮﺩ ﻭ ﻧﻤﯽ‌ﻣﯿﺮﺩ. ﭘﺎﺩﺷﺎﻩ ﺍﯾﻦ ﺳﺨﻦ ﺭﺍ ﺷﻨﯿﺪ ﻭ ﻋﺎﺷﻖ ﺁﻥ ﻣﯿﻮﻩ ﺷﺪ, ﯾﻜﯽ ﺍﺯ ﻛﺎﺭﺩﺍﻧﺎﻥ ﺩﺭﺑﺎﺭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻨﺪﻭﺳﺘﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺁﻥ ﻣﯿﻮﻩ ﺭﺍ ﭘﯿﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺑﯿﺎﻭﺭﺩ. ﺁﻥ ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺳﺎﻝ‌ﻫﺎ ﺩﺭ ﻫﻨﺪ ﺟﺴﺘﺠﻮ ﻛﺮﺩ. ﺷﻬﺮ ﻭ ﺟﺰﯾﺮﻩ‌ﺍﯼ ﻧﻤﺎﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺮﻭﺩ.
ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﯽِ ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭﺧﺖ ﺭﺍ ﻣﯽ‌ﭘﺮﺳﯿﺪ, ﻣﺴﺨﺮﻩ‌ﺍﺵ ﻣﯽ‌ﻛﺮﺩﻧﺪ. ﻣﯽ‌ﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ: ﺩﯾﻮﺍﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺍﻭ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎﺯﯼ ﻣﯽ‌ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻌﻀﯽ ﻣﯽ‌ﮔﻔﺘﻨﺪ: ﺗﻮ ﺁﺩﻡ ﺩﺍﻧﺎﯾﯽ ﻫﺴﺘﯽ ﺩﺭ ﺍﯾﻦ ﺟﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺟﻮ ﺭﺍﺯﯼ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺑﻪ ﺍﻭ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﯽ ﻏﻠﻂ ﻣﯽ‌ﺩﺍﺩﻧﺪ. ﺍﺯ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺴﯽ ﭼﯿﺰﯼ ﻣﯽ‌ﺷﻨﯿﺪ. ﺷﺎﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﯼ ﺍﻭ ﻣﺎﻝ ﻭ ﭘﻮﻝ ﻣﯽ‌ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩ ﻭ ﺍﻭ ﺳﺎﻝ‌ﻫﺎ ﺟﺴﺖ ﻭ ﺟﻮ ﻛﺮﺩ. ﭘﺲ ﺍﺯ ﺳﺨﺘﯽ‌ﻫﺎﯼ ﺑﺴﯿﺎﺭ, ﻧﺎﺍﻣﯿﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﯾﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﺸﺖ, ﺩﺭ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻣﯽ‌ﮔﺮﯾﺴﺖ ﻭ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﯿﺪ ﻣﯽ‌ﺭﻓﺖ, ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭ ﺷﻬﺮﯼ ﺑﻪ ﺷﯿﺦ ﺩﺍﻧﺎﯾﯽ ﺭﺳﯿﺪ. ﭘﯿﺶ ﺷﯿﺦ ﺭﻓﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺮﯾﻪ ﻛﺮﺩ ﻭ ﻛﻤﻚ ﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ. ﺷﯿﺦ ﭘﺮﺳﯿﺪ: ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﭼﻪ ﻣﯽ‌ﮔﺮﺩﯼ؟ ﭼﺮﺍ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﯿﺪ ﺷﺪﻩ‌ﺍﯼ؟
ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩﺓ ﺷﺎﻩ ﮔﻔﺖ: ﺷﺎﻫﻨﺸﺎﻩ ﻣﺮﺍ ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﻛﺮﺩ ﺗﺎ ﺩﺭﺧﺖ ﻛﻢ‌ﯾﺎﺑﯽ ﺭﺍ ﭘﯿﺪﺍ ﻛﻨﻢ ﻛﻪ ﻣﯿﻮﺓ ﺁﻥ ﺁﺏ ﺣﯿﺎﺕ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻭﺩﺍﻧﮕﯽ ﻣﯽ‌ﺑﺨﺸﺪ. ﺳﺎﻝ‌ﻫﺎ ﺟُﺴﺘﻢ ﻭ ﻧﯿﺎﻓﺘﻢ. ﺟﺰ ﺗﻤﺴﺨﺮ ﻭ ﻃﻨﺰ ﻣﺮﺩﻡ ﭼﯿﺰﯼ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ ﻧﺸﺪ. ﺷﯿﺦ ﺧﻨﺪﯾﺪ ﻭ ﮔﻔﺖ: ﺍﯼ ﻣﺮﺩ ﭘﺎﻙ ﺩﻝ! ﺁﻥ ﺩﺭﺧﺖ, ﺩﺭﺧﺖ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺩﺭ ﺩﻝ ﺍﻧﺴﺎﻥ. ﺩﺭﺧﺖ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﻭ ﻋﺠﯿﺐ ﻭ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﺓ ﺩﺍﻧﺶ, ﺁﺏ ﺣﯿﺎﺕ ﻭ ﺟﺎﻭﺩﺍﻧﮕﯽ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺗﻮ ﺍﺷﺘﺒﺎﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﻪ‌ﺍﯼ، ﺯﯾﺮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻫﺴﺘﯽ ﻧﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﯽ, ﺁﻥ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﯼ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ (ﻋﻠﻢ) ﻧﺎﻡ‌ﻫﺎﯼ ﺑﺴﯿﺎﺭ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ. ﮔﺎﻩ ﻧﺎﻣﺶ ﺩﺭﺧﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺁﻓﺘﺎﺏ, ﮔﺎﻩ ﺩﺭﯾﺎ ﻭ ﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺑﺮ, ﻋﻠﻢ ﺻﺪﻫﺎ ﻫﺰﺍﺭ ﺁﺛﺎﺭ ﻭ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ. ﻛﻤﺘﺮﯾﻦ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺁﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺟﺎﻭﺍﺩﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ.
ﻋﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺖ ﯾﻚ ﭼﯿﺰ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﯾﻚ ﻓﺮﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺑﺎ ﻧﺎﻡ‌ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ‌ﻫﺎﯼ ﺑﺴﯿﺎﺭ. ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﭘﺪﺭِ ﺗﻮ, ﻛﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ‌ﻫﺎﯼ ﺯﯾﺎﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ: ﺑﺮﺍﯼ ﺗﻮ ﭘﺪﺭ ﺍﺳﺖ, ﺑﺮﺍﯼ ﭘﺪﺭﺵ, ﭘﺴﺮ ﺍﺳﺖ, ﺑﺮﺍﯼ ﯾﻜﯽ ﺩﺷﻤﻦ ﺍﺳﺖ, ﺑﺮﺍﯼ ﯾﻜﯽ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﺍﺳﺖ, ﺻﺪﻫﺎ, ﺍﺛﺮ ﻭ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﻭﻟﯽ ﯾﻚ ﺷﺨﺺ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﻫﺮ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎﻡ ﻭ ﺍﺛﺮ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ, ﻣﺜﻞ ﺗﻮ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﯿﺪ ﻣﯽ‌ﻣﺎﻧﺪ, ﻭ ﻫﻤﯿﺸﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺟﺪﺍﯾﯽ ﻭ ﭘﺮﺍﻛﻨﺪﮔﯽ ﺧﺎﻃﺮ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺮﻗﻪ ﺍﺳﺖ. ﺗﻮ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺩﺭﺧﺖ ﺭﺍ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‌ﺍﯼ ﻧﻪ ﺭﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﺧﺖ ﺭﺍ. ﻧﺎﻡ ﺭﺍ ﺭﻫﺎ ﻛﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻛﯿﻔﯿﺖ ﻭ ﻣﻌﻨﯽ ﻭ ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺑﻨﮕﺮ, ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺣﻘﯿﻘﺖ ﺑﺮﺳﯽ, ﻫﻤﺔ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ‌ﻫﺎ ﻭ ﻧﺰﺍﻉ‌ﻫﺎ ﺍﺯ ﻧﺎﻡ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﻣﯽ‌ﺷﻮﺩ. ﺩﺭ ﺩﺭﯾﺎﯼ ﻣﻌﻨﯽ ﺁﺭﺍﻣﺶ ﻭ ﺍﺗﺤﺎﺩ ﺍﺳﺖ.
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